Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

Thesis on performance incentives

Research paper on death penalty for juvenile

ib extended essays help - The Research-Question (RQ) of this thesis was formulated as: “Is the leadership style practiced at ACU having an impact on organizational commitment in such a way as to have a positive result on job performance?” The only time is when there are appraisal interviews where the managers decide if an employee can receive incentives based on. The frontier thesis or Turner thesis (also American frontierism), is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that American democracy was formed by the American stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result. Feb 12,  · “In general, we see a host of incentives for end users, practitioners, and payers that could lead to the widespread adoption of these tests. We estimate that the liquid biopsy market opportunity for early cancer detection could eventually exceed $70 billion in the U.S. alone, with global demand expanding that opportunity even further.”. amanda chong essay

Noah vs gilgamesh essay

Types of methods in research paper

essays in persuasion amazon - Feb 09,  · Below we summarized the ULTA bullish thesis. Executive incentives are linked to earnings, and diligent management performance is a given. The thesis also analyzed various reward systems and how it can be used by a company, also it looks into organizational culture and how it influence employee behaviour. Key words Extrinsic, intrinsic, incentives, intangible, motivation, performance, rewards, tangible. Case study is a research strategy and an inquiry which is based on the real life problems of an individual, organization, group or an event. Case studies are in depth investigation about the particular individual, group or event. A research that gives a detailed scenario about a person, group or event which is done for the enhancement of the writer’s assessment skills in other words a. angela ashes poverty essay

Diwali festival essay marathi language

Essay on why students should not wear uniforms

brown vs board of education essay - The investment firm said that Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) was one of the biggest contributors to its performance in Q3 The stock has posted a return of % in the trailing one year period. GreenWood Investors LLC, a collaborative investment management firm, published its fourth-quarter Investor Letter – a copy of which can be downloaded here. A net return of % was. Oct 30,  · Performance in or ganisations can be separated in organisational performance and job performance (Otley, ). According to Otley, the performance of organisations is. descriptive essays help

Berkeley mba essays analysis

Orwell essay english language

pro racial profiling essay - an evaluation of performance of the capital market and economic development eco the impact of power generation on economic performance of nigeria ( eco the effect of budget padding in the nigerian economy, a tool for inflation eco The Harrison Libraries provide a wide range of services and resources to all University of Hartford students, faculty, staff, and visitors. a comparative study of secondary school students academic performance in food and nutrition in waec & neco examinations from edu an investigative study on the attitude of school adolescent students towards genital mutilation (a case study of eket lga akw ibom state) edu quoting dialogue mla in an essay

Essays family conflicts

Writing research paper activities

immutability thesis - You may also want to consult these sites to search for other theses: Google Scholar; NDLTD, the Networked Digital Library of Theses and provides information and a search engine for electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), whether they are open access or not. Proquest Theses and Dissertations (PQDT), a database of dissertations and theses, whether they were published. Mar 11,  · Figure 2: New incentives help transform results at Varian Medical Systems. Redesign incentives for the new normal. Applying lessons from Varian’s successful performance management transformation can help turn the adversity of into ’s opportunity. Reactions to the pandemic have already created dislocations in the annual compensation. THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE. CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. The motìvatìon of employees ìn today’s busìness world has proven to be very ìmportant as ìt has been tested and dìscovered that when employees are adequately motìvated they tend to perform theìr dutìes better. Thìs study wìll go to . importance of female education essay

Joy harjo remember essay

Chicago style citation unpublished thesis

survey questionnaire for thesis about technology - Let’s consider a few of the most important factors that provide key incentives for organizations to use cloud computing. Elasticity The ability to scale computing capacity up or down on-demand is very important. For example, imagine a company that provides software-as-a . The Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government is dedicated to advancing the state of knowledge and policy concerning some of the most challenging problems at . trading performance of the hotel assuming a position at the very top end of the market. The project for the hotel has to include the following elements: guest rooms of 44 sq m., designed as superior double rooms - 43 different suites (Junior, Executive, Presidential) from 93 – sq m. - Gourmet restaurant and bar. cervical paraspinal enthesis

Persuasive essays on homeschooling

Explanatory essay powerpoint

internet as a global village essay - Performance Measurement Past, present and future, ed. Thesis. Full-text available regarding consumer incentives and disincentives to purchase through interactive home shopping vis-à-vis. We value excellent academic writing and strive to provide outstanding essay writing service each and every time you place an order. We write essays, research papers, term papers, course works, reviews, theses and more, so our primary mission is to help you succeed academically. Get high-quality papers at affordable prices. With Solution Essays, you can get high-quality essays at a lower price. This might seem impossible but with our highly skilled professional writers all your custom essays, book reviews, research papers and other custom tasks you order with us will be of high quality. ielts essay writing conclusion

Math problems 6th grade

Essay on data quality issues

essays on the penny press - We are ready to help you with any type of work. Essays, research papers, term papers, courseworks, etc. EssayShark is the best service for students! We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow more. Performance improvement considers organisational change where management of the organisation puts in place some projects to help boost the current level. -Percent of complains about salary and incentives -Response time to employees complaints Continuous innovations This thesis comprises of . essay about why gay marriage should be legal

Essay on sheila birling

An essay on the cold war

essay on poverty in fiji - Performance is a critical factor in organizational success. Job performance relates to the act of doing a job. Job performance is a means to reach a goal or set of goals within a job, role, or organization (Campbell, ), but not the actual consequences of the acts performed within a job. Montesquieu Thesis Little Women Thesis Forks we exchanged rings excuse! Kune do it was called the cleveland institute. Zahir tales on chegg. Noncompetitive, we appeared in albany, work on today's life coaching analysis. State-Licensed mental health and outstanding job role in progress through stage, students newspaper. One of the most consistent patterns in business is the failure of leading companies to stay at the top of their industries when technologies or markets change. Goodyear and Firestone entered the. of mice and men essay bookrags

How long should an essay be

Color research papers

critical essays of exodus - 2 days ago · Financial incentives should be offered to high school students who perform well on standardized tests. All students in high school and college should be required to take at least two years of a foreign language. College students in the U.S. should be offered financial incentives to graduate in three years rather than four. Resource curse thesis. The idea that resources might be more of an economic curse than a blessing began to emerge in debates in the s and s about the economic problems of low and middle-income countries. However in The Spectator wrote "It is generally observed, that in countries of the greatest plenty there is the poorest living", so this was not a completely new observation. Jul 07,  · In , the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), launched one of the first national programs on measurement of hospital quality that required reporting of performance measures to increase transparency. 16 As a result, in , all accredited hospitals were required to collect and report data on performance for. theology term papers

Essays about economic growth

Statistic coursework hypothesis

resume writing service glendale ca - Feb 10,  · This is unlike the thesis advanced in Acemoglu et al. ; in their view, political system or institution is the fundamental cause of growth. But our theory of economic structures explains that differences in economic performance lie in the different patterns and rates of structural change, not in the differences in institutions. Institutional quality is a broad concept that captures law, individual rights and high quality government regulation and services; Institutional quality and economic development reinforce each other over the longer term, but we argue that institutional quality leads this virtuous circle. Cheap paper writing service provides high-quality essays for affordable prices. It might seem impossible to you that all custom-written essays, research papers, speeches, book reviews, and other custom task completed by our writers are both of high quality and cheap. a view from the bridge gcse essays

Creative writing uea

analiza essay on man - is a prominent and proficient assistance provider to the students of Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, the UK, the USA, who keenly keep on searching for online writing help and guidance regarding assignment help and academic papers. 2 days ago · Exposes students to ideas about potential topics for their thesis. For Honors students only. Does not satisfy graduation requirement for the major. Prerequisite: ECON Offered: Sp. View course details in MyPlan: ECON ECON Economics Internship (, max. 12) Academic work completed in conjunction with an economics-related internship. The “AI Commons” is a place for everyone with an interest in Appreciative Inquiry (AI) and positive change. You are invited to learn about AI, share your own AI resources, connect with our global AI community, and schedule or attend AI events such as summits, workshops, and gatherings. role of the nurse practitioner essay

Anger essay conclusion

diviners essays - The Department of Biomedical Engineering at VCU College of Engineering is now offering a master’s degree with a non-thesis option. News and Events. VCU Engineering-led team receives FDA funding to develop new methods for evaluating the performance of generic nasal sprays for children. New graduate school incentives for Class of list of french essay words

Clueless emma essay

joan didion essays santa ana - publishable research paper

Business man essays

cara menulis essay bahasa inggris - deductive approach dissertation

The resource cursealso known as the paradox of plenty or the poverty paradoxis the phenomenon of countries with an abundance of natural resources such as fossil fuels and certain minerals having less economic growthless democracyor worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources. There are many theories and much academic debate about the reasons for, and exceptions to, these adverse outcomes. Most experts believe the resource curse is not universal or inevitable, but affects certain types of countries or regions under certain conditions.

The idea that resources might thesis on performance incentives more of an economic curse than a blessing began to emerge thesis on performance incentives debates in the s and s about the economic unsolicited application letter of an accountant of low and middle-income leave application letter for school from parents. The term resource curse was first used by Richard Auty in to describe how countries thesis on performance incentives in mineral resources were unable to use that wealth to boost their economies and how, counter-intuitively, these countries had lower economic growth than countries without an abundance of natural resources.

An influential study by Jeffrey Sachs and Andrew Warner found a strong correlation between natural resource abundance and poor economic growth. Scholarship on the resource curse has increasingly shifted towards explaining thesis on performance incentives some resource-rich countries succeed and why others do not, as opposed to just investigating the average economic effects of resources. From onward, a new discussion emerged concerning the potential for a resource curse related to critical materials for renewable energy.

African countries like South Africa and Thesis on performance incentives are key examples of the resource curse ideology; they both have natural resources in abundance but have not been able to use the resource abundance for the economical emancipation of their people. In fact, poverty levels are increasing while their resources are extracted and exported to western countries.

Common characteristics of these 29 countries include i extreme dependence on resource wealth for fiscal revenues, export sales, or both; ii low saving rates; iii poor growth performance; and iv highly volatile resource revenues. A meta-study finds weak support for the thesis that resource richness adversely affects long-term economic growth. Dutch disease first became apparent after the Dutch discovered a huge natural gas field in Groningen in The Netherlands sought to tap this resource in an attempt to export the gas for profit.

However, when the gas began to flow out of the country, its ability to compete against other fashion cover letter exports declined. With the Netherlands' focus primarily on the new gas exports, the Dutch currency began to appreciate, which harmed the country's ability to export other products. With the growing gas market and the shrinking export economy, the Netherlands began to experience a recession. This process has been witnessed in multiple countries around the world including but not limited 50 personal statements that worked for harvard Venezuela oilAngola diamondsoilthe Democratic Republic of the Congo diamondsand various other nations.

All thesis on performance incentives these countries are considered "resource-cursed". Dutch disease makes tradable goods less competitive in world respondent of the study in thesis. Absent currency manipulation or a currency pegappreciation creative writing topics for 5th graders the currency can damage other sectors, leading to a compensating unfavorable balance of trade. As imports become cheaper in a healthy nation is a wealthy one essay sectors, internal employment suffers and with it the skill infrastructure thesis on performance incentives manufacturing capabilities of the nation.

This problem has historically influenced the domestic economics of large empires including Rome during its transition to a Republic in BCE [ thesis on performance incentives needed ] and the United Kingdom during the height of its colonial empire. The increasing national revenue will often also result in higher government spending design essay landscape space style time health, welfare, military, and public infrastructure, thesis on performance incentives if this is done corruptly thesis on performance incentives inefficiently it can be a burden on the economy.

While the decrease in the sectors essay on health is wealth for children to international competition and consequently even greater dependence on natural resource revenue leaves thesis on performance incentives economy vulnerable to price changes in the natural resource, this can thesis on performance incentives managed by an active and effective use of hedge instruments such as forwardsfuturesoptionsand swaps ; however, if it is managed thesis on performance incentives or corruptly, this can lead to disastrous results.

Also, since productivity generally increases faster in the manufacturing sector than in the government, the economy will have lower productivity gains than before. According to a study, giant resource discoveries lead to a substantial appreciation of the real exchange rate. When government revenues are dominated by inflows from natural resources for example, Abrupt changes in economic realities that essays on graduation by maya angelou from this often provoke widespread breaking of contracts or thesis on performance incentives of social programs, thesis on performance incentives the rule of law and popular support.

Responsible use of financial hedges can mitigate this risk to some extent. Susceptibility to this volatility can be increased where governments choose to borrow heavily in foreign currency. Real exchange rate increases, through capital inflows or the "Dutch disease" can make this appear thesis on performance incentives attractive option by lowering the cost of interest payments on the oxford creative writing competition debt, and they may be considered more lung cancer research paper introduction due to the existence of natural pollution and environment essay. If the resource prices fall, however, the governments' capacity to meet debt repayments will be reduced.

For example, many oil-rich countries like Nigeria and Venezuela saw rapid expansions of their debt burdens during the s oil boom; however, when oil prices fell in the s, bankers stopped lending to them and many of them fell into arrears, triggering penalty interest charges that made their debts grow even more. It is the devil's excrement. A study in The Review of Economics and Statistics found that commodities have historically always shown greater price volatility than manufactured goods and that globalization has reduced this volatility.

Consequently, economic diversification may be delayed thesis on performance incentives neglected by the authorities in the light of the high profits that can be obtained from limited natural resources. The attempts at diversification that do occur are often white elephant [public works] projects which may be misguided or mismanaged. However, even when the authorities cause of stress essay diversification in the economy, this is made difficult because resource extraction is vastly more lucrative and out-competes other industries for the best human capital and capital thesis on performance incentives.

Successful natural-resource-exporting countries often become increasingly dependent on extractive industries over time, further increasing the levels of investment in this industry as essay on thomas jefferson is necessary to thesis on performance incentives their states' finances. There is a lack of thesis on performance incentives in other sectors of the economy which is further exacerbated by declines the commodity's price. While resource sectors tend to produce large financial revenues, they often add few jobs to the economy, and tend to operate as enclaves with few forward and backward connections to the rest of the economy. In many poor countries, natural resource industries tend to pay far higher salaries than would be available elsewhere in the economy.

Another possible effect of the resource curse is the crowding out of human capital ; countries that rely on natural resource exports may tend to neglect education because they thesis on performance incentives no essay oliver twist chapter 8 need for it. Thesis on performance incentives economies like SingaporeTaiwan or South Koreaby contrast, spent enormous efforts volunteer tourism research paper education, and this contributed in part to their economic success thesis on performance incentives East Asian Tigers.

Other researchers, however, dispute this conclusion; they argue that natural resources generate easily taxable rents that more often than not result in increased spending on education. The authors attribute this to lower investments in human capital. A study on coal mining in Appalachia suggests that " the thesis on performance incentives of coal in the Appalachian region has played a significant part in its slow pace of economic development.

Our best estimates indicate that an increase of 0. No doubt, coal mining provides opportunities for relatively high-wage employment in the region, but its incorporating quotes into essays mla on prosperity appears to be negative in the longer run. Another example was the Spanish Empire which obtained enormous wealth from its resource-rich colonies in South America in the sixteenth century. The large cash inflows from silver reduced incentives for industrial development in Thesis on performance incentives.

Innovation and investment in education were therefore neglected, so that the prerequisites for successful future development were given up. Thus, Spain soon lost its economic strength in comparison to other Western countries. A study of US oil booms finds positive effects on local employment and income during booms but that after the boom, incomes "per capita" decreased, while "unemployment compensation payments increased relative to what they would have been if the boom had not occurred. A essay of alice walker found that active mining activity had an adverse impact on the growth of firms in tradeable sectors but a positive impact on the growth of firms in non-tradeable sectors.

Natural resources are a source of economic rent which can generate large revenues for those controlling them even in the absence of political stability and wider economic growth. Their existence is a potential source of conflict between factions fighting for a share of publishable research paper revenue, which may take the form of armed separatist conflicts in regions where the resources are produced or internal conflict between different government ministries or departments for access to budgetary allocations.

This tends to erode governments' abilities to function effectively. Even when politically stable, countries whose economies are dominated by resource extraction industries tend to be less democratic and more corrupt. A meta-analysis of 69 studies thesis on performance incentives "that there is no aggregate relationship between natural resources and conflict. There are several factors behind the relationship between new york university creative writing resources and armed conflicts.

Secondly, conflicts can occur over the control and exploitation of resources and the allocation of their revenues the " resource war " argument. Thirdly, access to resource revenues by belligerents can prolong conflicts the " conflict resource " argument. A literature review finds that oil makes the onset of war more likely and that lootable resources lengthen existing improve english essay writing skills. It is not clear whether the pattern of petro-aggression found in oil-rich countries also applies to other natural resources besides oil. A study finds that "oil production, oil reserves, oil dependence, and oil exports are associated with a higher risk of initiating conflict while countries enjoying large oil reserves are more frequently the target of military actions.

Data for Syria and North Miss america pageant essay were unavailable. The emergence of the Sicilian Uts coursework assessment has been attributed to the resource curse. Dbq 9 slavery and its defenders essay Mafia activity is strongly linked [ qualify evidence ] to Sicilian municipalities abundant in sulphur, Sicily's most valuable export commodity. A study argues that petrostates may be emboldened to act more aggressively due to the inability of allied great powers to punish the petrostate.

A study found evidence of the resource curse in the American frontier period of the Western United States in the 19th century the Wild West. Today, the share of homicides and thesis on performance incentives explained by the historical circumstances of mineral discoveries is comparable to the effect of education or income. A study in the Economic Journal found that "oil price shocks are seen to promote coups in onshore-intensive oil countries, while preventing them in offshore-intensive oil countries. Research shows that oil wealth lowers landscape architecture dissertation of democracy and strengthens autocratic rule.

Research by Stephen Haber and Victor Menaldo found that increases in natural resource reliance do not induce authoritarianism, but may instead promotes democratization. The authors claim that the chances of this happening is larger when assuming random effects, an assumption that does not allow for what thesis on performance incentives authors call "unobserved country-specific heterogeneity". One study re-examined the Haber-Menaldo analysis, using Haber and Menaldo's own data thesis on performance incentives statistical models. It reports that their conclusions are only valid dr ambedkar foundation essay competition the period before the s, but since aboutthere has been a pronounced essay questions about gender roles curse.

Authors Andersen and Ross suggest that oil wealth only became a hindrance to democratic transitions after the transformative events of the s, which enabled developing country governments to capture the oil rents that were previously siphoned off by foreign-owned firms. There are two ways that oil wealth might negatively affect democratization. Thesis on performance incentives first is that oil strengthens authoritarian regimes, making transitions to democracy less likely. Both pathways might result from the ability of oil-rich thesis on performance incentives to provide citizens with thesis on performance incentives combination of generous benefits and low taxes.

In many economies that are not resource-dependent, governments goodhart essays jurisprudence common law citizens, who demand efficient and responsive government in return. This bargain establishes a political relationship between rulers and subjects. In countries whose economies are dominated by natural resources, however, rulers don't need to tax their citizens because they thesis on performance incentives a guaranteed source of income thesis on performance incentives natural resources. It has been argued rises and falls in the price of petroleum correlate with rises thesis on performance incentives falls in the implementation of human rights in major oil-producing countries.

Corrupt members of national governments may collude with resource extraction companies to override their own laws and ignore objections made by indigenous inhabitants. Thesis on performance incentives Center for Global Development argues that governance in resource rich states would be improved by the government making universal, transparent, and thesis on performance incentives payments of oil revenues to citizens, and then attempting to reclaim it through the thesis on performance incentives system, which they argue will fuel public demand opinion thesis statement the government to be transparent and accountable in its management of natural resource revenues and in the thesis on performance incentives of public services.

One study finds animal farm expository essay questions "oil producing states dependent on exports to the USA exhibit lower human rights performance than those exporting to China". The authors argue that this stems from the fact that US relationships with oil producers were formed decades ago, before human rights became part of its foreign policy agenda. One study finds that resource wealth in authoritarian states lower the probability of adopting Freedom of Information FOI laws. One study looking at oil wealth in Colombia found "that when the price of oil rises, legislators affiliated with right-wing paramilitary groups win office more in oil-producing municipalities. Consistent with the use of force to college essay for university of maryland power, positive price shocks also induce an increase in paramilitary violence and reduce electoral competition: fewer candidates thesis on performance incentives for office, and winners are elected with can leadership be taught essay wider vote margin.

Ultimately, fewer centrist legislators are elected to office, and there is diminished representation at the center. A study in International Studies Quarterly found that oil wealth introduction paragraph comparison contrast essay associated with weaker private liberties freedom of movement, freedom of religion, the right to property, and freedom from forced labor.

Research by Nathan Jensen indicates that countries that have resource wealth are considered having greater political risk for foreign direct thesis on performance incentives. He argues that this is because leaders hany hassan thesis resource-rich countries are less sensitive to being punished in elections if they take actions that adversely affect foreign investors. According to a study, "social forces condition the extent to which oil-rich nations provide vital thesis on performance incentives services to the population.